Instead of focusing on wave functions and orbitals, DFT focuses on the electron density (although it usually employs orbitals to get the density). It includes an approximate treatment of electron correlation and therefore should be more accurate than Hartree-Fock theory. There are actually very many different DFT methods, depending on the particular treatment of correlation or ``exchange'' (which we will unfortunately leave undefined for this lab). Feel free to experiment with some of the different DFT approaches in the lab.

The drawback of DFT is that nobody knows how to take a given DFT
computation and improve it. This contrasts with all other *ab initio*
methods, where an expert can always tell how to keep improving the results
until the electronic Schrödinger equation is solved exactly. The reason
anyone uses DFT is that it tends to give very accurate results much more
cheaply than some competing methods.